Stepping (walking) Fukuda test. At the flour three concentric circles are painted with diameters of 0.5 m, 1 m and 1.5 m. In these circles they direct four perpendicular lines. Patient is proposed to stand in the very center and align himself with one of the lines. Then he is asked to make 100 steps at spot with eyes closed. Three principal parameters are considered during test performance: 1) displacement distance;
Fukuda forward
2) displacement angle;
Fukuda angular
3) spin (rotation) angle.
Fukuda spinning
Normal is forward linear displacement at the distance of 0.2-1.0 m, angle up to 300 and rotation up to 300.
Displacement absence or backward displacement, especially with large sway is regarded as disturbance. Displacement direction might indicate lateralization of the lesion. Test evaluation is proceeded with three score system: 0 – points forward displacement at distance of 0.2-1,0 m, displacement and spin to the angle up to 300; 1 – displacement less than 0.2 m or more than 1,0 m; 1 – displacement at the angle more than 300; 1 – spinning at the angle more than 300. Note: sometimes it is useful to make correction of normative, according to the height and step length of the patient.